THE TRANQUILITY OF THE AUSTRALIAN OUTBACK IS A WELL KNOWN FACT AND NOWHERE CAN IT BE MORE PRONOUNCED THAN IN THE MID MURRAY-LANDS.
THE REGION IS WELCOMING AND UNCOMPLICATED TO THE INDEPENDENT TRAVELLER WITH ITS WIDE RANGE OF UNIQUE NATURAL FEATURES AND SERVICES.
ONCE YOU ARE PLACED IN THIS CENTRAL REGION OF PEACE AND FREEDOM WITH NATURE IT'S HARD TO IMAGINE THAT ADELAIDE AND THE NORTHERN SUBURBS IS ONLY ONE HOUR DISTANT, OR THAT MAINSTREAM TOURISM CAN BE ACCESSED IN ALL DIRECTIONS WITH A VERY SHORT TIME.
THE REGION IS COMMONLY KNOWN AS THE MURRAY PLAINS AND HAS THREE DISTINCT PHASES OF HUMAN OCCUPATION, BEING; THE ABORIGINAL NATIVE, BRITISH PASTORALISTS 1840'S AND GERMANIC CLOSE SETTLEMENT 1870'S TO DATE.
ALTHOUGH THIS IS AN ANCIENT LAND ITS PRESENT SHALLOW SOIL AND FLORA KNOWN AS MALLEE IS ONLY A RELATIVELY RECENT DEVELOPMENT FROM THE PLEISTOCENE PERIOD OF THE LAST 10,000 YEARS FOLLOWING THE RECESSION OF SEA LEVELS. CALCAREOUS FOSSILS ARE DISCERNIBLE THROUGHOUT THE ENTIRE REGION.
MOST OF THIS REGION WAS THE PROVINCE OF THE NGAIAWANG TRIBE WHO NUMBERED APPROXIMATELY 1200 PRIOR TO THE ARRIVAL OF THE EUROPEANS IN THE 1830'S.
NATURAL LAND FORMS DESIGNATED BOUNDARIES BETWEEN NEIGHBOURING TRIBES SUCH AS THE NGANGURUKU SOUTH OF THE BEAUTIFUL MARNE VALLEY AND THE PERAMANGK AND NGADJURI WEST AND NORTHWEST ALONG THE BAROSSA RANGES. TRIBAL OCCUPATION OF THE REGION IS BELIEVED TO EXCEED 27,000 YEARS WITH THE NGAIAWANG BEING THE LAST WHO REPLACED AN EARLIER TRIBE OF THE SO CALLED TARTANGA 7,000 YEARS AGO.
THE FIRST CONGREGATION WAS FORMED IN 1891 - IN A PUG HOUSE BEHIND THE OLD BLACK HILL STORE. THE PRESENT CHURCH WAS DEDICATED ON THE 23RD OCTOBER 1898 AND FINALLY CLOSED IN DECEMBER 2001.
After discussion at a congregational meeting held on the 18th November 2001, members voted to close the Zion Lutheran Church, Black Hill at the end of the year.
Due to lack of numbers the 103 year old church which has served the community so well, will close but the building will not be sold until the existing committee decide that it is necessary, for various reasons.
Worship services began in Black Hill in 1891 and were held in homes, especially the pug and pine home of Elder Mr Johannes Pannach.
Visiting Pastors and reading services were the format until Dr W Zschech was called as a parish Pastor in 1907.
The present church building was dedicated by Pastors W Zschech and Kriewaldt on the 23rd October 1898.
Pastors who followed Pastor Zschech are Pastor Westerman, Pastor T H W Goessling, Pastor M Mueller, Pastor C Temme, Pastor H Noack, Pastor G Ruwoldt, Pastor L Rosenberg, Pastor F Rasenberger, Pastor D Koehne and Pastor H Ludwig.
Mr Albert Blackwell has served the congregation for 37 years as organist.
A final service will be held in the Church on the 30th December 2001 at 10 a.m.
A pooled community lunch will follow in the Black Hill hall. All past and present members and friends are welcome to attend this final thanksgiving service.
BUILT OF IRON AND TIMBER IN 1912. THE FOUNDATION IS OF GUM LOGS - APPROX 2 FEET HIGH. THE BUILDING COST ONE HUNDRED AND FOURTY TWO POUNDS. SCHOOL WAS HELD IN THE HALL FROM 1919-1930. IN 1946 - 32 VOLT ELECTRIC LIGHT WAS INSTALLED - THE POWER LINE WAS CONNECTED FROM AN ELECTRIC LIGHT PLANT AT THE SHOP NEAR BY. ETSA POWER WAS CONNECTED TO BLACK HILL IN 1962.
THE FIRST TELEPHONE WAS CONNECTED IN 1913 - 1914 FROM CAMBRAI.
IN JULY 1978 THE BLACK HILL TELEPHONE EXCHANGE CLOSED AND THE SERVICE WAS TRANSFERRED TO THE PRESENT AUTOMATIC EXCHANGE AT WALKER FLAT.
THE FIRST SCHOOL WAS OPENED IN 1894. IN A PUG AND PINE SHED BEHIND THE BLACK HILL STORE. IT WAS TRANSFERRED TO THE HALL IN 1919. A NEW SCHOOL WAS BUILT IN 1930 AND CLOSED IN 1945. THE SCHOOL BUILDING WAS LATER PURCHASED BY THE CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH AND IS NOW PRIVATELY OWNED AS A DWELLING.
STUDENTS - ENROLLMENT WAS UP TO 36.
The average Rainfall is 10 inches or 250 mls.
Mr Eisenhagen was the first person to be buried in Black Hill.
He died by chocking on a piece of meat sometime near the turn of the century.
The first buriel took place in 1900.
The first buriel took place in 1912.
The Swing Bridge crossing the River marne was built in 1912.
The New bridge was replaced in 1988.
AN AREA KNOWN AS GERHARDY'S, WHICH WAS USED AS A VENUE FOR PICNICS WAS CHANGED TO 'CHRISTIAN RESERVE' IN 1971 WHEN THE AREA OR PARK WAS DEDICATED TO THE MEMORY OF COUNCILLOR JOHN S CHRISTIAN 1934 - 1970, FOR HIS UNTIRING EFFORTS THROUGH THE MURRAY VALLEY DEVELOPMENT LEAGUE, TO PROMOTE BALANCED DEVELOPMENT THROUGHOUT THE MURRAY VALLEY.
MR CHRISTIAN DIED IN A LIGHT AIRCRAFT ACCIDENT. HIS LATE FATHER, WHO HELD PROPERTY IN THE DISTRICT, MR JOHN CHRISTIAN WAS MINISTER OF AGRICULTURE IN THE FORMER LIBERAL PLAYFORD GOVERNMENT. HE DIED FIGHTING A BUSHFIRE ON HIS PROPERTY.
CAMBRAI - PREVIOUSLY CALLED RHINE VILLA - RIVER RHINE - NAME CHANGED DURING THE WAR YEARS TO THE RIVER MARNE AFTER A SISTER RIVER IN FRANCE.
1) PRIOR TO 1890 THE PROPERTY WAS OWNED AS A STATION BY THOMAS R REYNOLDS.
2) 23RD SEPTEMBER 1890 - ERNST FRIEDRICH TRAUGOTT JAENSCH (BORN ON 18-10-1859) MARRIED ALBERTINA MARTHA LEMKE (BORN ON 01-08-1864) ON THE 15TH FEBRUARY 1889. SHE WAS A SANDLETON FARMER'S DAUGHTER. AT THE TIME OF HIS MARRIAGE ERNST JAENSCH FARMED AT STONEFIELD. HE SUBSEQUENTLY PURCHASED THIS PROPERTY. HE TOOK THE VERY FIRST MAIL RUN FROM BLACK HILL TO PALMER.
3) 00/00/1907 - WILLIAM JOHN LANG.
4) 00/007/1914 - JOHANN WILHELM PURSCHE.
5) 00/00/1929 - HEINRICH GUSTAV DONHARDT.
6) 13/01/1938 : HENRY AND SARAH BATTEN.
7) 07/07/1943 : SARAH REBECCA BATTEN (HENRY DIED) (MY GRANDMOTHER BEQUEATHED THE PROPERTY TO HER DAUGHTER, MY AUNTY MAY)
8) 20/09/1968 : CLARISSA MABEL IRIS HUNTER (SARAH DIED) CLARISSA WAS MY AUNTY. SARAH AND HENRY MY GRANDPARENTS.
9) 14/12/1977 : JAMES CLIFFORD GEORGE BATTEN (MY UNCLE WHO PURCHASED PROPERTY FROM AUNTY MAY).
10) 19/09/1988 : STANLEY LENNARD BASIL BATTEN (UNCLE DIED AND BEQUEATHED PROPERTY TO ME)
11) 18/09/1989 : STANLEY LENNARD BASIL BATTEN AND ETHEL MAY BATTEN (AT UNCLE'S WISH PRIOR TO HIS DEATH ASKED THAT IT BE TRANSFERRED INTO JOINT NAMES)